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contains definitions and examples of more than sixty
rhetorical devices, (including rhetorical tropes and rhetorical
figures) all of which can still be useful today to improve the
effectiveness, clarity, and enjoyment of your writing. Note: This book
was written in 1980, with some changes since. The devices presented are
not in alphabetical order. To go directly to the discussion of a
device, click on the name below. If you know these already, go directly
to the Self Test . To learn
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with Clarity and Style ,
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Sproat, E., Driscoll, D., & Brizee, A. (2012, April 27). Aristotle’s Rhetorical Situation. Purdue OWL: The Rhetorical Situation . Retrieved September 30, 2013, from https:///owl/resource/625/03/
In The Art of Rhetoric , Aristotle states that appealing to reason means allowing “the words of the speech itself” to do the persuading. This was accomplished through making inferences using deductive reasoning, usually in the form of a formal syllogism. You’ve seen these before. You start with two premises and end with a conclusion that naturally follows the premises. For example:
Conclusion – summation of thesis statement, arguments, and final arguments.