The main stumbling blocks include the status of Jerusalem, the fate of Palestinian refugees and their descendants, Jewish settlements, and attacks by Palestinian armed groups.
In Israel , there are also a few thousand Circassians , living mostly in Kfar Kama (2,000) and Reyhaniye (1,000). [ citation needed ] These two villages were a part of a greater group of Circassian villages around the Golan Heights . The Circassians in Israel enjoy, like Druzes , a status aparte . Male Circassians (at their leader's request) are mandated for military service, while females are not. [ citation needed ]
But violence had already begun to creep back into the landscape of the Palestinian-Israeli relationship, and by early 2002 it had grown such that it had a name — the second intifada. It witnessed an Israeli reoccupation of Palestinian West Bank and Gaza towns and villages, in response to attacks by Palestinians on Israeli targets, and the deaths of dozens of civilians on both sides.
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