1658: Zealous Muslim Aurangzeb (1618-1707) becomes Mughal Emperor. His discriminatory policies toward Hindus, Marathas and the Deccan kingdoms contribute to the dissolution of the Mughal Empire by 1750.
British imperialism was already a spent force. The four colonies in South Africa became a Union in May 1910 and fell into the hands of the Afrikaner nationalists in 1924. The Afrikaners, in turn, have never forgiven Britain for that wave of imperialism and still beat the battle-drums of independence in various parts of South Africa.
Indian Society and the Making of the British Empire in The New Cambridge History of India (vol. II, 1) by C A Bayly (Cambridge, 1988)
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