The Democrats in Congress, controlled by Southerners, wrote the tariff laws in the 1830s, 1840s, and 1850s, and kept reducing rates so that the 1857 rates were the lowest since 1816. The Whigs and Republicans complained because they favored high tariffs to stimulate industrial growth, and Republicans called for an increase in tariffs in the 1860 election. The increases were only enacted in 1861 after Southerners resigned their seats in Congress.   The tariff issue was and is sometimes cited–long after the war–by Lost Cause historians and neo-Confederate apologists. In 1860–61 none of the groups that proposed compromises to head off secession raised the tariff issue.  Pamphleteers North and South rarely mentioned the tariff,  and when some did, for instance, Matthew Fontaine Maury  and John Lothrop Motley ,  they were generally writing for a foreign audience.
Ever since the Treaty of Paris the efforts of British Government to raise revenue and establish stringent control over colonies had been a cause of surging ...
Underage Drinking: Alcohol use by anyone under the age of 21. In the United States, the legal drinking age is 21.
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